History of Rajasthan

  • Rajasthan--also known as the �Land of Kings�-- is one of the largest Indian states. It shares it borders with several Indian states, such as Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Gujarat, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh. Most of what is now known as Rajasthan was earlier known as �Indus Valley Civilization�. The History of Rajasthan is rich and is of a great interest.

    The state has been built up by the Gurjars, Rajputs, Bishnois, Bhils, Jats, PhulMali (Saini), Rajputs, Charans, Meenas, Yadavs, Rajpurohits and others. People believe that centuries back Lord Rama--the heroic figure of Hindu Mythology--set his arrow to fire in the direction of Lanka where the demon king Ravana had captured his wife Sita, where as other influential heavenly deities opposed his action. But it was impossible to withdraw a drawn arrow, so it was released at a far off distant sea, as a result sea was dried up and Indian Thar desert rose.

    As per the reports submitted by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), the history of Rajasthan development goes back to 2500 BC, i.e., �Indus Valley Civilization�. Later, due to various factors, such as invasions and earthquake, the civilization was destroyed. Soon due to the trade link between Asia and Europe, the barren land became civilized and Rajasthan was born.

    In the early 2000 BC, the Aryans began to arrive. They captured many regions, such as Dundhmer. The first arrivals were Mina and Bhil tribes who later started small kingdoms and later fought among themselves. The Maurya dynasty was a super power up to 400 AD. The Great Ashoka was the great Monarch ruler who later took up Buddhism.

    The state was ruled by many Monarchs, most famous were �Rajputs�. In literal terms, it is known as the �Son of a King�, better known for their bravery. Later, in 1200 AD, Muslim rulers began to rule. Baber founded the Mughal Empire and clashes between Rajput and Mughals became very common. To merge the Rajputs with Mughal Empire, the Great Akbar began atrimonial ties with Rajputs. Time and again Maharana Pratap resisted Akbar�s move and as a result Haldighati battle took place which he lost.

    When the Rajputs surrendered, the Rajput ladies chose to jump into the fire rather being exploited by the Muslim rulers. Soon in 1707, the era of Mughal emperor came to an end and the regime of Marathas began. Some historians believe that they did not abide by their principles and as a result common men were exploited badly. Their rule ended in 1817. With great difficulty and hardships, the state gained independence and the modern Rajasthan was formed in 1949.

    For in-depth History of Rajasthan, you would do well to consult Rajasthan Tourism Guide.

    Summary: History of Rajasthan goes back to the Indus Valley Civilization.